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He also has to deal with dying sheep on the grouse moors, a result of louping ill. Helen gets a job as a secretary, but James is not sure he approves. Siegfried, meanwhile, thinks it is a wonderful idea; Tristan less so, when he realises he will have to pick up the administrative slack in the partnership. Mrs Hall tells Siegfried she has to leave to help her brother, who is now working his farm alone. Siegfried runs into Ronald Beresford, the manager of the local bank, whose dog behaves badly in the car.

James treats Mr Bailey's dog, which has developed a case of bronchitis. Siegfried chastises James after he waives the veterinary fee. Siegfried proves, once again, that he has problems heeding his own advice. Tristan rescues a severely injured cat and convinces James to try to save him rather than put him down. With surgery a success, Helen decides to adopt the socially-inclined feline and nurses him back to full health. She is later distraught when she learns that the cat belongs to the Gibbons family.

Mr Biggins tells James about his cowhand, Ned Finch, who goes drinking every night and is drawn to the bright lights of "big city" Briston. All James sees, however, is an amiable worker having a quiet drink in his local. James has to treat Mrs Pumphrey's new boxer , Cedric, which has a case of flatulence. Tristan and Siegfried meet hobo, Roddy Travers, and his dog who are passing through the area. Mrs Hall has gone to Brawton to visit her sister, Dorothy, whose husband is sick and has been told he cannot return to work.

Tristan reluctantly agrees to take over the household chores and duties in her absence. Siegfried is less than sympathetic when his brother starts to complain. Granville Bennett stops in, hoping for someone to take a look at his dog, Phoebe, who needs a minor operation. He invites James and Siegfried to lunch the next day. The former over-imbibes yet again. Tristan has a late night, which leads to his brother taking him to task about his bad habits.

A young delinquent, Wesley Binks, is persuaded to change his ways when his dog gets distemper. Tristan has designs on young Deborah Mount, but her father does not approve. The Weeting brothers, Brian and Dennis, leave town to enlist in the military. He had a line, but he chose not to say anything. He just paused. What I learned from him was he always used this pause, which gave his scenes breathing space, which in turn gave the editors choice on which character is telling the story at that moment.

It is James and Helen's anniversary and he's planning a special celebration. The evening, at the highbrow Harlequin restaurant in Bickershaw, is nearly ruined when a goat eats his cheque book. Siegfried starts dating Margery Egerton. Tristan, meanwhile, thwarted in his attempts to see Deborah Mount, turns his attention to previous conquests. James has to pay several visits to Mr Bailes, whose dog has an affinity for scaring the wits out of visitors. Mrs Hall over-imbibes at the Women's Union sherry party.

War is becoming a distinct possibility, so Helen stocks up on food, while Tristan, at the request of his brother, puts tape on the windows in an attempt to minimise the chance of them shattering if the bombs arrive. Siegfried decides that Skeldale House should conserve its food supply by having its occupants eat together. Mrs Hall takes his instructions to economise a bit too seriously. James treats Miss Westerman's dog, Hamish. During the dog's recovery, however, Tristan manages to lose it.

Siegfried tries to pair his brother up with the dour Deirdre Headingley, but he manages to wriggle his way out of it. The vets forego a soiree with the Headingleys in order to treat a stray dog that has been in an accident. James and Siegfried get to see a modern milking parlour when they attend a calving. There are problems when the milkman's horse has to be taken off the road for treatment.

Miss Westerman returns with Hamish. Tristan tries to avoid her, given that he misplaced the dog last time he was put in his care. She is concerned about the rumours that dogs will need to be euthanized in the event of war, but Tristan puts her mind at ease. The vets agree to spay a cat for a minimum fee, thanks to Tristan, but find they may have been taken advantage of. Siegfried treats Herbie Hinchcliffe's aging horse, Dolly, and becomes emotionally involved in the case when it comes to putting her down.

After his recent experience with Dolly, Siegfried has become somewhat shy around horses. James has to deal with the unfriendly Ralph Beamish, an arrogant horse owner who continually ignores his advice. The vets have to deal with an outbreak of Foot and Mouth Disease on Duggleby's farm. War is declared. With Mrs Hall away visiting a cousin, Tristan tries his hand at doing the cooking again. Siegfried, however, wishes he had not bothered. James fills in for Stewie Brannan while he's on holiday. He and Helen visit the dog track when he has to act as Duty Vet.

The vets have to deal with a dog that has been hit by a car. There is an outbreak of unexplained dog poisonings in the Darrowby area. Siegfried decides to investigate. Tristan has a farewell evening out with the local bell ringers. James and Tristan go to the bell tower. As can be expected, things do not go smoothly.

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Siegfried treats Joan Clifford's dog, Saxon, but the case has specific implications for her. James, meanwhile, treats the inexplicably-loud Len Hamson's pigs. James visits Lord Hulton's stately home. Hulton has taken a liking to a horse that has wandered onto his property from the nearby military barracks. At the Billings' farm, James finds young calves who are emaciated. He thinks they have ingested an irritant of some kind, but the vets cannot isolate the source. Mrs Hall selects one of Siegfried's finest wines — a Oublion — for the Herriots to enjoy on their evening alone.

Siegfried begrudgingly agrees to the pairing, even though it means he's missing out on one of Mrs Hall's steak and kidney puddings.

James fails to save a dog belonging to Paul Cotterell. He's devastated to hear that Cotterell committed suicide upon losing his canine companion. Siegfried takes Tristan to task for not mending a hole in the fence. Tristan, in response, announces that he is going to make a stand against the tyranny. Tristan tries to get James on his side, but James will not get involved, until his hand is forced.

James operates on a sick calf, but those assisting him are worse off than the animal. James also has to tell a neurotic dog-owner that his pet is going blind. In Margery Egerton, Siegfried is having woman trouble. Mrs Hall gets a proposal of marriage from Harold Carter. With his time at home with Helen at a premium, James is frustrated at the number of call-outs he has to deal with.

Tristan takes up the slack so that he can spend the night with Helen. Tristan gets word that he has finally passed his veterinary exams and, thus, has joined the ranks of MRCVS.

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Siegfried leaves first, with James following a little while later, on Easter Monday. On his way out of town in a taxi, several locals bid their farewells to the vet. The war finally over, James returns to Darrowby to rejoin his partners in veterinary practice. He is having trouble readjusting to civilian life, however. His first call, of course, is to Mr Biggins, who has not changed and does nothing but complain. Relations are also strained with Helen: James is short-tempered and cannot open up to her. A new housekeeper, Mrs Hubbard, is hired to replace the late Mrs Hall.

Her culinary skills prove to be severely lacking compared to her predecessor's. Tristan, older but not necessarily wiser, is back with the Darrowby bell ringers. Siegfried meets an old flame, Caroline, who has returned after living in America. They later marry and have children, as mentioned in the series 7 episode "Hampered".

James comes to the aid of Sister Rose when she finds a dog stuck in a peat bog. He takes a liking to the animal and takes it home. Helen disapproves and thinks he's raising the children's hopes about its condition. Tristan is now working for the Ministry of Agriculture. He's also reconnected with Debbie Mount and, in turn, her abstemious father. Siegfried, now sporting a moustache, treats a cat that has taken up residence in Walt Barnett's scrapyard. Someone is clearly abusing the animal, but the irascible Barnett seems to have developed a soft spot for it.

Charlie and Tess

James and Tristan are on the receiving end of Mr Ripley's patchwork gate. With their wedding anniversary soon upon them, Helen is after James to get a haircut, but he's afraid of the rough and tumble barber. After an eight-year break, the opening credits get a makeover from the last series. Whereas previously it was only Siegfried and James featured, now each central character that appears in the episode receives an isolated shot taken directly from the episode with their textual introduction.

The opening credits for Series 5 are the same. Siegfried decides the time has come to hire a full-time assistant, and Calum Buchanan, with whom Tristan attended veterinary school in Edinburgh, fits the bill. Tristan is now a full-time employee of the Ministry of Agriculture, where he sets his eyes on Deirdre McEwan.

Another vet, Hilary Mottram, claims that Siegfried is stealing his clients. He's responsible for promoting the use of artificial insemination to some skeptical farmers. James shops for a new radiogram , but is reluctant to let anyone else use it. Rosie joins her father on his rounds, but nearly has a serious accident with a bull. Siegfried treats the Whithorns' pair of spoiled dogs. James enlists Tristan's help to check some sheep that are being exported to the Soviet Union. Calum takes up residence at Skeldale. Tristan begins work as a Fertility Advisor.

He conducts an informal seminar in the beer garden of the Drovers. At a dead end with Deirdre, Tristan accepts Calum's suggestion that he invite her to dinner, for which Calum will prepare his speciality: roast duck. As it turns out, the two Scots discover they have a lot more in common. James tries unsuccessfully to save Tom Maxwell's sick cow and is concerned that the farmer will take legal action against him.

He also has to treat Humphrey Cobb's pregnant dog, but discovers that it is the owner who needs more attention.

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Siegfried thinks that Calum is introducing too much wildlife into Skeldale House. Siegfried deals with two brothers, Rupe and Will, who are constantly bickering. He also treats the wealthy Seth Bootland's sick horse and receives an interesting proposition. Lionel Brough decides to buy a pig farm, but runs into problems when his stock falls ill with what James suspects is swine fever.

When Tristan finds himself on the end of Mr Stott's practical joke, he decides to exact revenge.

Tristan is almost ready to admit defeat in the fight for Deirdre's heart after Calum is chosen to look after her Dobermans. When Mrs Dryden lets slip that she is selling her house, James sets his sights on buying it at auction. Siegfried takes Tristan to task when the bus Little Brother was travelling on hits and kills one of Lord Brawton's stags. Soon after, venison mysteriously becomes available on the market. Tristan and Calum are still vying for Deirdre's affection, but the former seems to be making slow progress, despite his attempts to appreciate all things Scottish.

The vets have to deal with an outbreak of fleas and are busy preparing for a bank holiday event intended to raise money for a new church roof. James tries to perform a caesarean section on a cow. Mrs Westby's dog is suffering from a severe bout of pneumonia. Calum provides the solution. Siegfried deals with a sheepdog who never barks.

James has problems with miserly Mr Biggins, who blames the vet for the death of his cow. Calum is on the receiving end of another of Siegfried's rants. This time it is telling clients that they can call at any hour of the day or night. Tristan becomes an overnight expert on goats in an effort to impress Jean Derrick, a beautiful young married woman whom Tristan thinks has an elderly husband. Helen takes a liking to a stray cat and its kitten when they wander into the garden. James deals with a sick cow, an injured dog, and a box full of kittens.

He is also annoyed at Siegfried, who has purchased a second car while he has to deal with an aging vehicle. James is also asked to judge the dog competition at the Darrowby Show. Mrs Pumphrey subsequently informs him that she plans to enter Tricki-Woo. Siegfried visits a farmer who has installed a modern milking parlor. He's dismayed, however, when he investigates a suspected case of Foot and Mouth disease. Calum is puzzled by Herman, a sick dachshund that has developed difficulty walking. Siegfried hauls Calum over the coals about his wasting medical supplies.

Calum is tickled when Siegfried, once more, fails to take his own medicine. He also treats a flock of sick turkeys whose owner is convinced that the vets are out to cheat him of his hard-earned money. James has to treat a cat with a shattered jaw. He calls on Granville Bennett to help. Granville offers him a share of his practice. Tristan is having trouble keeping pace with his tennis-playing sweetheart, Rachael Bosworth. James is still thinking over Granville Bennett's offer of a share in his practice. An old school friend, Andrew Bruce, who is thinking about taking up farming, pays a visit.

James and Siegfried give him a lesson in the realities of a farmer's life. Siegfried visits Mr Dumbleby, a demanding farmer who rarely pays his bills. James and Helen are proud parents when Jimmy is asked to play in his piano teacher's music recital. James becomes fed up when his car breaks down. It may convince him to accept the partnership offer from Granville Bennett.

The time has come again for Kit Bilton to slaughter his pig. As usual, he has grown so attached to the beast that he cannot bear to see it die. Siegfried has a bad day, thanks in large part to the Hardwicke family. Calum gets trapped in a tree by a bull, so he misses Deirdre's arrival at Mannerton. Helen is bedridden with a slipped disc. Tristan has left his job at the Ministry of Agriculture and wants to join the practice. Siegfried and James string him along.

The younger Farnon also tries to dupe Calum into partaking in a double date , with the latter having to partner up with Prudence Barraclough. The Dales are several feet deep in snow, so James takes to his skis in an attempt to reach the Maxwells. Calum has to go off to do some tuberculin testing in Ireland. James visits the Trenholms, whose dog, Tip, chooses to sleep outside in a barrel in all weathers. Meanwhile, one of their cows has suffered a vaginal hemorrhage. Tristan, woken from a slumber by Mr Busby, puts off his visit in favour of returning to bed, a move that frustrates both the client and James, who has to take Busby's irate phone call while caring for his incapacitated wife.

A delivery courtesy of Mrs Pumphrey, while meant specifically for Helen, pleases all at Skeldale House. Mrs Pumphrey holds a black tie birthday party for Tricki-Woo, with James as the guest of honour. Tristan ducks out for a swift lunchtime pint at the Drovers, only to be disturbed by a call from Helen.

Busby has been on the phone again. Irked at having his session cut short, Tristan exacts some revenge on Busby. Calum returns from Ireland and is excited to hear that Deirdre will be spending a week in Darrowby. Siegfried treats Sir Robert's horse after it suffers a fall in the care of Kate Ingram. James is introduced to a family of cat-lovers. Tristan treats a dog who takes pleasure in biting him. Siegfried tells Tristan that he'll have to do the next round of tuberculin testing in Ireland.

Helen is still laid up with a slipped disc. James has to deal with Jack Scott's horse and Mr Wiggins' bullocks. Calum takes delight in tormenting a straight-shooting farmer. Ireland-bound Tristan tests everyone's patience with his limited culinary skills. James panics when he realises he has not got Helen an anniversary gift. Andrew saves the day. Helen is on her feet again. James finds a new house and has a meeting with Mr Gregson, his bank manager. Siegfried is thinking of changing his drugs rep, until the current one, Mr Barge, helps to cure a nasty case of white scour.

Calum treats a flock of sheep with an everyday remedy. They arrive late, but Granville is not too concerned: apparently he only attends for the post-lecture food and drink. James ends up very much the worse for wear, as usual, but this time food poisoning is the culprit. While James is away, his dog, Dan, suffers a heart attack. Calum tells Helen about some Border Terrier pups for sale and she decides to buy one.

James and Helen move into their new house, Rowangarth. Calum falls for a beautiful girl named Molly, whom he met while tuberculin testing in Ireland. Deirdre pays a surprise visit in order to rekindle their relationship while Molly is staying at Skeldale House. Calum is torn at first but realises he has always been in love with Deirdre. James receives an invitation to examine Lord Buttermere's new stallion. With Tristan still away in Ireland, Siegfried hires young vet Willy Bannister to help them out for a couple of weeks. To Calum's dismay, Mr Bannister is a teetotaler who is fond of opera.

He is excited, however, by the rumour that Willy is a good cook. James treats a dog that was run over. Calum cooks a meal for James and Siegfried, but it takes so long to prepare that his guests have drunk too much and decide to go to the kitchen to see how it's coming. Siegfried is determined to get payment of outstanding bills from the local farmers.

James is given the virtually impossible task of getting payment from Mr Biggins. The worst offender, Major Bullen, is given too much benefit of the doubt by Siegfried. An old friend asks Siegfried to show his daughter, Emma, a veterinary student, what a country practice is like. Calum takes a fancy to Emma. After experiencing the resistance of local farmers to female vets, and realising that Calum is getting too keen on her, Emma decides to return home. Jack Sanders' dog does not seem to be recovering from a minor injury. James has returned from a fortnight's holiday in Scotland.

He has trouble readjusting to work, wearing shorts on his rounds, which provides his clients with no shortage of amusement. James talks Siegfried into lending him his car for a few days while the latter is away on holiday. Calum nurses a young fox back to health, but releasing it back into its habitat proves more difficult than he expected.

Dick Fawcett's cat suddenly starts collapsing into unconsciousness. James discovers that the cat has been drinking the liquid painkiller which Dick takes to relieve the pain caused by his cancer. Calum mistakenly thinks he has a rival for Deirdre's affections when she brings Anthony to Darrowby. Calum proposes to Deirdre. Siegfried treats a dog for a weak heart and gets a reputation as a TV repairman. The opening credits hark back to that of the first run, with Siegfried driving the car and James being the passenger in an excerpt from the episode "The Rough and the Smooth".

For that of the first few episodes, the footage was filmed late in or in early , as there is snow on the hills. The interior car shot is updated later in the series with material from spring- and summer-time. Later still in the series, the credits begin with Siegfried and James leaving J.

Stubbs Provisions, getting back in the car and driving over the bridge featured in the series' first run. With their families away in London for the week, Siegfried suggests that he and James move into Skeldale House. Siegfried is excited to re-live yesteryear by spending long evenings talking about all and sundry. Things do not work out that way, of course. James meets Basil Courtenay, a man with an interesting past who is now working as a cowman.

After a series of misunderstandings, Calum and Deirdre fall out. Siegfried tries to heal the rift. The couple patch up their differences and become engaged. James meets former client Jim Potts, who is now retired. James vows to visit whenever he's passing, but tragedy strikes. Reigning sovereign George VI dies on 6 February Calum has an article published in the Veterinary Record. Siegfried thinks Calum plans to accept a job in Canada after he chastises him about bringing wildlife into Skeldale.

James helps Barbara Hazlitt determine whether her collie has the aptitude to become a sheepdog. Siegfried and Calum visit Mrs Bond to treat one of her many felines, including the son of the late and vicious Boris. Deirdre and Calum get married. Tristan returns from Ireland to be best man. Siegfried calls on the Blackwoods to treat a sick dog, but instead tries his hand at diagnosing human ailments.

He also has to deal with the very odd Mr Hopps, who's seeking advice on the care of his dog. There is no dog, however, and Siegfried discovers Hopps is hoping to take advantage of the downturn in fortunes at the Blackwoods' farm. James castrates some pigs at Lord Hulton's estate and wins the pools. James meets two brothers who share a cottage but have not spoken to one another for fifty years.

Oliver breeds rabbits, while Roland grows cabbage. Now one of Oliver's rabbits is ill and he blames his brother. Mr Hartley ropes Siegfried into speaking to a local farmers group, which meets at the Drovers Arms. Having accepted, Siegfried tries everything he can think of to wiggle out of it again. James and Helen are worried about David Brathwaite, a local sheep farmer who has recently lost his wife. James deals with confectioner Geoff Hatfield's sick cat.

He finds himself pestered by Mrs Pumphrey and Mrs Tibbett, who both want constant bulletins on the cat's progress. James has to deal with Vernon Harker, a lazy farmer who neglects his stock and the vets' advice. Siegfried treats Lady Hulton's aristocratic feline, Bess. Having made light of small-animal care, Siegfried has to backtrack. James is lumbered with Susie Thornton's monkey, which has a severe case of diarrhoea. Siegfried has to deal with Jenny Garston and David Rayner, two neighbours who have been feuding for years. Siegfried and James almost fall foul of the law when they have an off-hours pint at the Black Horse.

James is talked into playing in the annual 'Gentlemen v Players' cricket match. He is playing for the Gentlemen, while the Players are being captained by young Freddie Trueman. When James is injured fielding, Siegfried has to take his place at the crease. The Taylors are concerned about Maggie, their lame horse. Siegfried is accompanied on his rounds by young Colin Appleby, who has a sick goldfish. Itinerant worker Roddy Travers arrives back in Darrowby.

There is a sudden outbreak of theft, and Roddy is suspected. Eventually, the real culprit is found to be Roddy's dog, Murphy. Then a local farmer accuses Murphy of killing his sheep and it looks as if the dog will have to be put down. Siegfried treats an over-active horse owned by the eccentric Darnley sisters, one of whom is quite sure that Siegfried's power over horses borders on witchcraft.

James has several encounters with Mr Ripley, whose laziness in getting a new gate causes grievous bodily harm to all those who approach his farm. Bill Ramsey leaves his Great Dane , Henrietta, in the care of the vets. Siegfried tries to introduce greater efficiency into the work of the practice, with mixed results. It is the fifteenth anniversary of James' arrival in Darrowby — an occasion Siegfried is determined to acknowledge. She dislikes him solely because her son died in his homeland during World War II. Siegfried tries to bring about a reconciliation. James works with Bert Longshaw, who is having problems with his imported cows.

Tricki-Woo requires surgery, but Mrs Pumphrey opts for a non-invasive medical treatment, with particularly interesting side effects.

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The opening credits of the early episodes of the final series again features Siegfried and James driving around the Dales, this time from head-on rather than from the driver's side of the vehicle. For episodes involving Tristan, he is also filmed driving his convertible, wearing a flat cap and waving at two women having a picnic by the roadside. Stubbs opening credits. In the closing credits, the three vets are seen exiting a shop called Players Please, next door to The Castle Tea Shop, before getting into Siegfried's car. The credits are changed later in the series, with James exiting the back of Skeldale House and being roped into assisting Siegfried in working on the latter's car.

Helen and Mrs Alton also receive isolated introductions. For the final episode, the credits return to their early-series format. After two years in Ireland, Tristan returns to Darrowby and promptly falls victim of James' practical joke which leaves him intent on avoiding Susie Parker at all costs. Skeldale House needs a new housekeeper, and Siegfried wants to give the job to Mrs Alton. He sends Tristan to finalise the arrangements, but he offers the job to the wrong Mrs Alton. James continues to do battle with Mr Biggins, and has to deal with the Howells' neglected and seriously ill dog.

Tristan is in trouble after he accidentally injects some anti-abortion vaccine into Nat Briggs's backside. The young farmer in question becomes convinced that Tristan has ruined his chances of having a family, so he threatens violent retribution. Siegfried receives a letter threatening legal action. Locating a place in the western world where the practice of Christianity was banned during the last several centuries is difficult enough, but trying to discern the usefulness of a Christmas song as a method of preserving tenets of Christianity in a society where the practice of Christianity itself was outlawed is truly a mind bender, since in such a society all facets of Christmas celebrations would surely be banned as well.

The history of the development of the Anglican Church and the relationship between Anglicans and Catholics in England over the subsequent centuries is a complex subject which could not be done justice in anything less than a lengthy and detailed discourse. However, it is not accurate to say that, without exception, anyone caught practicing Catholicism or possessing material indicating adherence to Catholicism at any time during this year period was immediately imprisoned or executed.

As an interesting side note, we should mention that during the Puritan Commonwealth of , legislation banning the celebration of Christmas in England by anyone , Anglican or otherwise, was enacted, although these laws were overturned with the restoration of the monarchy in What little has been offered in support of this claim is decidedly unconvincing.


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This piece is often attributed to Fr. Hal Stockert, and in his explanation on a page from the web site of the Catholic Information Network , he wrote:. I found this information while I was researching for an entirely unrelated project which required me to go to the Latin texts of the sources pertinent to my research. Among those primary documents there were letters from Irish priests, mostly Jesuits, writing back to the motherhouse at Douai-Rheims, in France, mentioning this purely as an aside, and not at all as part of the main content of the letters.

So where is the information gleaned from these letters? As Fr. Stockert explained to syndicated religion writer Terry Mattingly in What we do know is that the twelve days of Christmas in the song are the twelve days between the birth of Christ Christmas, December 25 and the coming of the Magi Epiphany, January 6.

The song is apparently much older than this printed version, but we do not currently know how much older. Three French versions of the song are known, and items mentioned in the song itself the partridge, for example, which was not introduced to England from France until the late s are indicative of a French origin. Using ordinary objects to represent biblical concepts is a common device, as exemplified by the several popular recordings of Deck of Cards.

Some misinterpretations have crept into the English version over the years, though. We investigate as thoroughly and quickly as possible and relay what we learn. Then another question arrives, and the race starts again. We do this work every day at no cost to you, but it is far from free to produce, and we cannot afford to slow down. To ensure Snopes endures — and grows to serve more readers — we need a different kind of tip: We need your financial support.

The question arises in light of the U. House of Representatives' launching of an impeachment inquiry against Donald Trump in fall But it was run by two Ukrainians. Among other issues, a troubling headline about "beating baby hearts" resulted in accusations of witness intimidation. A crude joke spread quickly online in the wake of an impeachment inquiry into the U. That adjustments are made to records of climate is neither a scoop, nor a secret, nor a controversy. The bizarre statement came up at a New York City town hall event in October Claim The song "The Twelve Days of Christmas" was created as a coded reference to important articles of the Christian faith.

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